The purpose of this paper is to provide a policy guide and brief backgrounder on Alberta’s water challenges for those who are engaged in water management across the province. Water is the critical input for agriculture, energy, agri-food processing, municipal growth, recreation, and tourism. The choices we make today to manage our water resources will determine how we grow as a province and as a community for generations to come. The discussion of climate change to date has focussed on emissions reduction; however, climate comes to ground in water. Our water issues are here today. They are local and require adaptation strategies now.